Croatia, officially the Republic of Croatia, is a country in Southeastern Europe at the crossroads of the Pannonian Plain, the Balkans, and the Adriatic Sea. Its capital and largest city is Zagreb.
Croatia borders Slovenia to the north, Hungary to the northeast, Bosnia and Herzegovina to the southeast, Serbia to the east, and Montenegro to the southeast.
The Croats arrived in the early 7th century in what today is Croatia. They organized the state into two dukedoms. The Kingdom of Croatia retained its sovereignty for almost two centuries. After World War II, Croatia became a founding member of the Second Yugoslavia. On 25 June 1991, Croatia declared independence and became a sovereign state.
Croatian culture is the result of a fourteen century-long history which has seen the development of many cities and monuments and also includes many adoptions from ancient Greek, Roman and Illyrian cultures. The culture of Croatia can be divided into two cultural circles: Central European and Mediterranean.
The country includes seven World Heritage sites and eight national parks. It is also the birthplace of a number of historical figures. Included among the notable people are three Nobel Prize winners and numerous inventors. The country is rich with Intangible culture and holds the largest number of UNESCO's World's intangible culture masterpieces in Europe.