Italy's main airports for intercontinental and international arrivals are 'Leonardo da Vinci' (Rome Fiumicino) and Malpensa (Milan); however, international flights arrive in almost all the country's numerous airports.
A wide range of flights is available from both traditional and low-cost airlines, covering a vast array of destinations.
More or less all the airports are serviced by a dense network of taxis, buses and trains, which allow you to reach one's final destination with a certain ease.
The services between Italy and the rest of Europe are known for their high quality, rapidity and excellent level of comfort. It is advisable (and in some cases compulsory) to book a seat. Some international rail companies also offer the opportunity for visitors to transport their own motor vehicle. A large number of international trains come over the border to Italy, connecting the country to the main towns and cities in Austria, Germany, France and Eastern Europe.
Further information: www.trenitalia.it
Trains from Spain: www.elipsos.com
Trains from France: www.artesia.eu , www.sncf.com
Trains from Germany: www.reiseauskunft.bahn.de , www.dbitalia.it
Trains from Switzerland: www.sbb.ch , www.cisalpino.com
Sea links between Greece and Italy are guaranteed on the busiest routes: from Igoumenitsa, Corfu and Patras, Blue Star Ferries sail directly to Venice and Brindisi, while Superfast Ferries operate services to Ancona and Bari. Fragline Ferries sail from Corfu to Brindisi; Grimaldi Ferries, one of the best-known Italian companies, link Tunis and Barcelona with Civitavecchia, Salerno, Livorno and Palermo. Tirrenia Navigazione ferries operate numerous services throughout the year between Tunis and the major Italian islands, Sicily and Sardinia. Marmara Lines link Çeme in Turkey to Ancona and Brindisi. Jadrolinija runs between Dubrovnik, on the Croatian coast, and Bari, while Virtu Ferries is the best option to travel between Malta and Catania.
The Eurolines consortium, which gathers together the main European coach travelling companies, has information offices in the main towns and cities, and offers services departing from over thirty locations throughout Italy.
The web site www.busweb.com provides a detailed list of the scheduled coach services operating in around 30 European countries.
Italy borders on France, Austria, Switzerland and Slovenia. All borders are open (without passport/customs checks), but cars can be stopped behind the border for random checks.
In Italy you drive from the Right side.
Driving licences issued by any of the EU member states are valid throughout the European Union, including Italy.
Drivers in possession of a licence issued by any EU country do not require an international driving permit or a sworn translation of their own licence.
Further information: www.autostrade.it
PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION IN ITALY:
Italy has an extensive rail network that connects the whole country. There are various types of train: local services, Diretto (DIR), Regionale (R), and Interregionale (IR), which stop at all the stations on the route, and the faster, long distance trains, Intercity (IC) and Eurostar (ES), which stop only in major towns and cities. In addition, there are high speed Eurostar Italy trains, the so-called Freccia Rossa, that can reach 300 km/h. For service times and information, it is advisable to consult the website of the national state rail system: www.trenitalia.it
Authorised taxis in Italy are white, and must have 'Taxi' written on the roof. They must be fitted with a taximeter indicating the cost of the fare in real time and, where applicable, the supplements payable for luggage, public holiday services, services during the night or outside of the city (as in the case of services to and from airports, for instance). To call a taxi, you can either go to a taxi rank, indicated by yellow lines or an orange sign, or telephone the various radio taxi services, which vary from one city to another. There is also a single number service (892192), available everywhere in Italy, which sorts the telephone requests to over sixty radio taxi companies, thus covering around 70% of the taxis available throughout the country. Calls to the service cost 62 eurocents per minute from a landline and 96 eurocents a minute from a mobile network.
Italy is connected by efficient bus and coach services that allows visitors to travel around. Further information:
· Sita S.p.A. - www.sitabus.it (particularly for buses coming from Veneto, Tuscany, Campania, Basilicata and Puglia)
· Arpa - www.arpaonline.it (Abruzzo)
· Sais - www.saistrasporti.it (Sicily)
· Busweb - www.busweb.it
· Saj - www.saj.it (Calabria)
· Sais - www.saisautolinee.it
· Marino - www.marinobus.it (Puglia and Basilicata)
· Sena - www.sena.it (Tuscany)
· Autostradale S.p.A. – www.autostradale.it (Lombardy)