Romania is situated in the southeastern part of Central Europe and shares borders with Hungary to the northwest, Serbia to the southwest, Bulgaria to the south, the Black Sea to the southeast, Ukraine to the east and to the north and the Republic of Moldova to the east.
Some 42,000-year-old human remains were discovered in the "Cave With Bones", Europe’s oldest remains of Homo sapiens. The earliest written evidence of people living in the territory of the present-day Romania, the Dacians, comes from Herodotus. The area now constitutes Transylvania and used to be the political center of the ancient Kingdom of Dacia, where several important fortified cities were built.
It is the most famous region of Romania, a land of medieval castles and towns, dark forests, snowy peaks (especially those in Transylvanian Alps). Bounded on the east and south by the Carpathian mountain range, Transylvania is often associated with Dracula (Bram Stoker's novel and its film adaptations), and the horror genre in general.
Bucharest is the capital and the largest city in Romania. Bucharest has a diverse and growing cultural scene, with cultural life exhibited in a number of various fields, including the visual arts, performing arts and nightlife. Unlike other parts of Romania, such as the Black Sea coast or Transylvania, Bucharest's cultural scene is much more eclectic, without a defined style, and instead incorporates various elements of Romanian and international culture.
Romania has beautiful natural parks and plenty of them within the cities. The wild and relaxing at the same time natural environment of the country is protected by ecological conventions.