AREA: 237,500 km2
TIME ZONE: UTC+2
LANGUAGE: Romanian (official)
TELEPHONE CODE: 0040
INTERNET TLD: .ro
Transylvania - It is the most famous region of Romania, a land of medieval castles and towns, dark forests, snowy peaks (especially those in Transylvanian Alps).
Banat - This western-most province is probably the most economically developed in Romania. It has beautiful baroque cities and traditional German villages in the western plains and huge mountain forests in the eastern parts.
Oltenia - The south-western region, with impressive monasteries, caves and health resorts along the mountains in its northern part and a bizarre desert-like area in the south.
Southern Bukovina - This north-eastern region is famous for its Painted Monasteries, tucked away between picturesque rolling hills.
Maramureş - The northern-most region, it's best known for its timeless villages, traditional wooden churches and beautiful mountain landscape.
Crişana - Located along the border with Hungary, this western region is the entry point for most travelers into Romania, who often neglect its Central-European style cities, numerous medieval sites and resorts on the western side of the Apuseni mountains.
Dobruja - A seaside province dotted by ruins of ancient Greek and Roman cities, with various summer resorts along the Black Sea Coast and the unspoiled natural landscape of the Danube Delta in the region's north the most ethnically diverse region with many small minority groups.
Moldavia - Certainly one of the most extraordinary regions in Romania, it offers a pleasant blend of historical cities, medieval fortresses, churches, wine and friendly locals.
Muntenia - Also known as Wallachia. The capital, Bucharest, is in this southern region, as well as the early residences of the Wallachian princes and the mountain resorts on the Prahova Valley. It is also the name of the old kingdom of leaders such as the notorious Vlad Ţepeş (The Impaler).
Because of its position on the southeastern portion of the European continent, Romania has a climate which ranges from temperate to continental. Climatic conditions are somewhat modified by the country's varied topography. The average annual temperature is 11 °C (51.8 °F) in the south and middle-south and 8 °C (46.4 °F) in northeast. In Bucharest, the temperature ranges from average low −5 °C (23 °F) in January to average high 29 °C (84.2 °F) in July and August, with average temperatures of −3 °C (26.6 °F) in January and 23 °C (73.4 °F) in July and August.
January 1 & 2 - New Year's Days
May 1 - Labour Day
August 15 – Dormition of Virgin Mary
December 1 – National Holiday
December 25 - Christmas Day
December 26 – Boxing Day
The following are also public holidays that do not occur on the same date every year: