Romania has 17 civilian airports, out of which currently 12 are served by scheduled international flights. The main international airports are:
• Bucharest's Henri Coanda (Otopeni) Airport is the largest and busiest, it has flights to nearly all the major cities in Europe.
• Bucharest's Aurel Vlaicu (Baneasa) Airport recently became a major low cost airlines hub.
• The Traian Vuia International Airport in Timisoara is the second largest in the country.
• Cluj-Napoca International Airport, as the largest airport in Transylvania it is served by a growing number of flights from various European destinations.
Other smaller international airports are located in: Sibiu, Bacau, Suceava, Iasi, Targu-Mures, Arad, Baia Mare
Romania is relatively well connected with the European rail network. Travelling by train from other European countries to Romania takes from 6 hours (Budapest to Timisoara) to about 46 hours (London to Bucharest). Most train tickets allow several stopovers en route so train travel can be an affordable and relaxing way to include Romania in a European trip. First and second-class sleepers are available for journeys longer than 10 hours and for overnight trains.
There are daily international trains to Munich, Prague, Venice, Vienna, Budapest, Zagreb, Belgrade, Sofia, Thessaloniki, Istanbul, Chişinău, Kiev and Moscow. But due to the poor quality of rail infrastructure in the region train travel on long distances takes considerable time.
Nonetheless, trains are the ideal way of reaching cities in western and central Romania such as Brasov, Sighisoara, Oradea or Cluj-Napoca coming from Central Europe.
International trains to Romania include EuroCity trains which are of a relatively high standard and night trains. Romania is part of the Eurail pass offer.
A cheap way of traveling to or from Romania might be the Balkan Flexipass.
Several river cruise companies based in Germany or Austria offer cruises on the Danube River through to the Danube Delta and the Black Sea Coast.
There are ferries across the Danube to/from Bulgaria in several ports: from Calafat to Vidin (runs about ten times per day, depending on the volume of traffic), from Bechet to Oryahovo (daily) and from Zimnicea to Svishtov (only on weekends).
There are ferry connections over the Black Sea from Odessa (Ukraine) and (reported, not confirmed) from Varna in Bulgaria to Constanţa.
Buses are becoming a more and more popular way to reach the country from overseas. A slew of private bus operators provide quick and comfortable coach services to and from cities such as Chişinău, Kiev, Odessa, Sofia and Istanbul.
For all information about buses in Romania and online reservations and tickets (i.e. timetables and prices) you can use www.autogari.ro ("Autogari" is the romanian word for bus-stations). They accept also payment with credit card.
Traveling by car or coach is the easiest way and a vast majority, over 60 percent of foreign tourists use this way of transportation. The steering wheel is on the left and European driver's licenses are recognized by police.
Documents required by Border Police are the vehicle's registration, proof of insurance and a valid driver's license.
U.S. / Canadian/ Australian/ New Zealand driver licenses are valid for driving in Romania for 90 days from the date of entry into Romania.
When renting a car in Europe, please check with the car rental company about its policy regarding taking the car across national borders.
Independent travelers entering Romania by car (own or rental) need to obtain a road toll badge, called Rovinieta.
Rovinieta is available at any border-crossing point, postal office and most gas stations at a cost of (the equivalent in Romanian Lei) $5.00 to $8.00 (valid for up to 7 days) or $9.00 to $15.00 (valid for 30 days), depending on car type.
There is no any other tax to be paid by visitors/ tourists when entering or leaving Romania.
There are many bus routes that connect Bucharest and Romania's main cities with Athens, Berlin, Budapest, Copenhagen, Frankfurt, Istanbul, London, Milan, Munich, Paris, Rome, and Vienna.
PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION IN ROMANIA:
Romania has a well-developed railway network that covers virtually the whole country. Trains are the most popular means of getting around Romania. They are amazingly inexpensive and generally on time. Three different services are offered. The cheapest and slowest are Local Trains (Personal). The next fastest and more expensive are Express Trains (Accelerat and Rapid) that require a seat reservation along with the ticket. The fastest and the most expensive are Inter-City Trains (Inter City). The last two types of trains have dining cars and sleepers (overnight or long distance trains only).
For information on domestic train schedules and fares please visit www.infofer.ro.
For train enthusiasts there are nine steam trains, dating from the 1920s and '30s, some of which have been restored to provide a luxury travel experience. Organizations as well as Individuals can rent steam trains.
Taxis are available in every city and larger towns in Romania. They can be summoned by telephone or hailed on the street. Authorized taxis can be recognized by the TAXI sign on the roof. All Taxis should be equipped with metres. Calling a taxi company is always a good idea. Drivers approaching you at the airport or at the train station in Bucharest are likely to inflate their rates; please avoid them. For longer trips outside the city limits it is possible to agree on the fee before getting in. In most cases using a taxi for such trips is affordable and very convenient.
Most cities offer efficient and very inexpensive bus, trolleybus or tram transportation. There are several bus companies that offer fast and inexpensive connections between Romania's main cities. Inter-City bus stations are usually next to the train station and most buses have a stop in the centre of the city. Bus or taxi might be the only choice when choosing to explore some remote areas. www.autogari.ro