Sweden, officially the Kingdom of Sweden, is a Nordic country on the Scandinavian Peninsula in Northern Europe. Sweden shares borders with Norway to the west and Finland to the east, and is connected to Denmark by the Oresund Bridge.
A region inhabited by a Germanic tribe called Swedes was documented before AD 100. The Swedish Viking Age lasted roughly between the 8th and 11th centuries. In the 17th century, the country expanded its territories to form the Swedish Empire. Since 1814, Sweden has been at peace, adopting a non-aligned foreign policy in peacetime and neutrality in wartime.
Sweden has long been at the forefront of research and development. It became famous for its technological, engineering and medical achievements. In the 18th century, Alfred Nobel invented dynamite and instituted the Nobel Prizes.
Stockholm is the capital of Sweden. The city is made up of 14 islands connected by some 50 bridges on Lake Mälaren, which flows into the Baltic Sea and passes an archipelago with some 24,000 islands and islets.
Sweden is great for outdoor life - skiing, skating, hiking, canoeing, cycling and berry-picking depending of season. Most cities have well-preserved pre-industrial architecture.